Learning to drive in Spain

As Spain does not have a Provisional Licence system, the only person who can teach you to drive is a registered driving instructor.

The information you need on how to apply for a driving licence in Spain: who is entitled, how to get the driving permit and how to renew it. Also the role of the driving instructor and taking the examination.

A Spanish driving licence (licencia de conducción) is the standard EU model: a plastic, credit card-sized permit with photograph. Older licences are laminated pink cards with a photograph of the holder.

Legal Driving Ages and Main Permit Types

  • · Permit AM for mopeds and vehicles for people with reduced mobility: 15 years (a moped driver may not carry a passenger until the age of 18)
  • · Permit A1 (motorbikes with a maximum power of 11kW and an engine up to 125cc): 16 years
  • · Permit A2 (motorbikes with a maximum power of 35kW a power-to-weight ratio of under 0.2kW/kg): 18 years
  • · Permit A (all motorbikes, with at least two years experience driving motorbikes of category A1 vehicles): 20 years
  • · Permit B (vehicles with a maximum weight of 3,500 Kg and with a maximum of 9 seats including the driver’s): 18 years
  • · Permit C (vehicles with weight over 3,500 Kg): 21 years
  • · Permit D (vehicles for the transport of passengers): 24 years

The Spanish Driving Examination

Applicants for a Spanish driving permit or licence must be resident in Spain.

Making the application

We will take care of making the application and submitting the documents for driver’s exams. In some places the exam may be taken in English: contact us for further information.

Documents needed:

  • · A certificate of mental and physical fitness issued by the Authorised Drivers Check Centre (Centro de Reconocimiento de Conductores Autorizado) with one photo. This certificate is valid for a period of 90 days
  • · Application and application fee
  • · Two passport-sized photographs (32 x 26 mm)
  • · Photocopy (and original) of a Spanish residence permit (Residencia) or a copy of the passport along with the NIE number (Número de Identificación de Extranjer)
  • · Proof of address in Spain dated within 3 months (empadronamiento) available from the local Town Hall
  • · Signed self-declaration in writing that there is no legal process pending nor licence suspension that forbids the right to drive
  • · Signed self-declaration in writing that no other licence of the same category is held

Driving theory test

There are two parts to the test, one theoretical and one practical. Both must be passed for a driver to be considered competent.

Training for the theory test can be done with us in English.

Driving test

A set number of hours of training must be completed with a driving school. The practical test is taken in Spanish and a translator may accompany the person being examined. Some areas have English-speaking driving examiners – enquire if this is possible when first making an application to take the test.

The practical test is taken in a driving school (dual control) car and the driving instructor accompanies the examiner and person being tested. The examiner gives instructions in Spanish (or English if it’s been arranged in advance) to the driving student.





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